What is Artificial Intelligence (AI)? It is the act of stimulating machines by coding it to operate like a human, to make it think like a human and mimicking actions (Investopedia.com).
Here are important terms in regards to the AI (explained simply):
1. Speech Recognition: The ability for the machine to convert human words to machine words, to be able to read it.
2. Statistical language: "Statistical literacy refers to the knowledge and skills that enable data users and producers to understand, evaluate and communicate statistical data and information. Statistical standard. A statistical standard is a set of rules used to standardise the way data are collected and statistics are produced." -Australian Bureau of Statistics
3. Robotics: Simplest definition to robots is the use of computer science and engineering to mimic human's ability to move and function.
4. Symbolic Learning: The ability for the machine to convey symbols with meaning to us, it is the machine's vision of problems, logic and research.
5. Pattern Recognition: The ability to recognize patterns by the use of machine algorithm - geeksforgeeks. It is based on knowledge already knows or drawn from statistical data.
6. Algorithm: well-defined, computer-implementable instructions, typically to solve a class of problems or to perform a computation -Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi.
How do we combat pandemic with technology? Based on the research provided (citation will be included in brackets) we see AI having the potential to combat pandemics. This is crucial as we are entering the age of technology.
1. AI could be used to diagnose and treat patients: Many are skeptical when it comes to AI being integrated in our society, for privacy reasons and more. However, AI can be used for a lot of great things. Just look at how your AI is able to play music for you, search things, and more. This type of technology can be great in the medical world. (A. Albu and L. Stanciu, "Benefits of using artificial intelligence in medical predictions,"2015 E-Health and Bioengineering Conference [EHB] ).
Information being collected from patients can be used as a data for the AI to make a pathway for diagnosis that the patient requires. I.e. a patient can list all their symptoms, medical history, medication they are taking, blood type, etc and the machine will be able to generate what the patient is suffering from. This type of technology will allow doctors to narrow down what the patient is experiencing and it frees the doctors time for other critical things. AI machines upon diagnosing the patient will be able to recommend courses of treatment, tailored to the person. Many questions can be generated by the AI that the physician can ask the patients.
2. AI and the spread of a virus: We have discussed how artificial intelligence can be used to diagnose and treat patients, but we failed to mention how AI can be used to predict where the virus has spread to. Predictive models (Using Pattern Recognition) are a form of artificial intelligence that uses probability and data mining to predict what will happen in the future (OneModel). Therefore, by providing the machine with where the high risk patient has been to, how many people on average are in the given location, and more we will be able to predict where the virus has potentially spread to, and how many people could be at risk. This will allow us to be able to tackle pandemics faster because those areas will be marked for anyone who has gone there to get checked, for anyone who hasn't been there to avoid the area for a week and etc. (NYU Langone Health / NYU School of Medicine. "Experimental AI tool predicts which COVID-19 patients develop respiratory disease." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily)
3. AI can help scientists find a vaccine: I am sure at this stage I have lost many of those who believe that vaccines are used to implant chips in humans by the government. After carefully examining all evidence provided by researchers, both for and against this topic. I decided that vaccines are important in battling a virus. How will AI help with developing a vaccine you ask? 1. It will review, search, and collect all relevant research papers, at unparalleled rate. 2. It can guide vaccine design by suggesting the components in the vaccine by understanding viral protein structure (Wired.com, and Hadi M Yassine & Zubair Shah(2020) How could artificial intelligence aid in the fight against coronavirus?,Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy). Artificial intelligence can use mathematical resources to understand the vaccine's evolution, and be able to study how the vaccine can battle viruses.
Unfortunately, despite having the technology to be able to use AI to help us in our future, data is too much and too little at the same time. What does this mean? it means we are feeding AI machines data about irrelevant and untrue resources, and are not feeding it the useful information that could help us out in the future.
Are there risks to using AI? Yes. Everything in life has risks, including machines. There could be privacy breech and more. However, the benefits out-weight the risks, and that is ultimately what we are aiming for.
Here are some good news to share: "AI-based system are being used in China to treat COVID-19" - Dr.Zubair. Therefore, there are good things happening that we do not hear much about. Keep hopeful and do you research when it comes to important information. Do not let the paranoia of people hold you back from doing your own research to find out the truth.